Around the year 1748, it is believed that a man by the name of Montesquieu helped to develop the concept of comparative law. Comparative law, by definition, is the comparison of all existing legal systems. In comparative law, the similarities and differences of the legal system of every country and governmental body is studied in depth. This study helps international institutions such as the United Nations to come up with treaties that oblige by the laws of participating countries. Also, it exists to help lawmakers and citizens to understand and perfect their own systems, while coming to an understanding of the legal systems of their counterparts.
In modern comparative law, several different branches have developed. One of the foremost branches is that of comparative constitutional law, which is the study of the different constitutional structures that exist today. There are scores of authorities in the field of comparative constitutional law, but none are as internationally recognized as Professor Sujit Choudhry. Mr. Choudhry works as both the dean and professor of law at the University of California, Berkeley, and holds law degrees from Oxford, Toronto, and Harvard. He also has experience as an advisor to the constitutional building processes of Nepal, Egypt, South Africa, Jordan, Libya, Ukraine, Tunisia, and Sri Lanka.
Professor Sujit Choudhry studies a variety of issues involved in comparative constitutional law, such as using constitutional design as a tool to manage the transition from violent actions to peaceful politics, using constitutional design in ethnically divided societies and constitutional courts, and using constitutional design as a tool in minority rights. Choudhry is very knowledgeable in Canadian constitutional law and has written extensively on the subject. He has also published over ninety articles, working papers and reports, and book chapters.
His work includes more than teaching, researching, and writing, as Professor Choudhry is also a member of a number of boards, including the Editorial Board of the Constitutional Court Review, the Board of Editors of the International Journal of Constitutional Law, the Executive Committee of the International Society of Public Law, and the Editorial Advisory board for the Cambridge Studies in Constitutional Law.